Palestine is a Muslim country, in the west of the Asian continent and in the east of the Mediterranean, which is bounded from the east by Jordan, from the west by the Mediterranean Sea, from the north and northeast by Syria and Lebanon, and from the south by the Egyptian Peninsula (Sinai) and the Gulf of Aqaba.
Palestine is the cradle of monotheistic religions in history and the meeting place of civilizations. In addition to its religious status, which is the cradle of prophets and celestial religions, Palestine is of special importance due to its location in the Middle East. There are holy places and places in Palestine, which can be mentioned Al-Aqsa Mosque and Al-Sakhra Mosque. Its capital is Jerusalem. This country was inhabited by Muslims, Christians and Jews, and the first inhabitants were Canaanites. With the arrival of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him), worship of God entered there. During the time of the second caliph and the Muslim conquests, Islam entered Palestine. Palestine was ceded to the British in 1917 and was occupied by Israel in 1948 and continues to this day. During these years, there have been many wars between Israel and Palestinian movements. Various political movements have emerged in Palestine, such as Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah Movement, etc.
Occupation of Palestine
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Zionists proposed the solution of forming a Jewish state. They were able to get the attention of the British Foreign Minister. Finally, in November 1917, an announcement about the approval of the plan to establish a "Jewish National Center" in Palestine was published in the British Cabinet, and America also supported this plan. Finally, in April 1920, the Allies and the League of Nations officially handed over the custody of Palestine to England. When England handed over the government to a Jew, the immigration of Jews to Palestine began. This caused the uprising of the Arabs.
Since the 1940s, the Palestinian issue has become an Arab issue and has been at the top of international issues. During World War II, Palestine was relatively calm. After many wars and arguments, the Palestinian issue was referred to the United Nations, and finally, with the efforts of the Zionists and the United States, the General Assembly was convened and voting began in the evening of November 29. Contrary to everyone's expectations, thirty-two people voted in favor of the partition of Palestine, thirteen people voted against the partition, one person was absent and ten people voted blank.
After declaring the existence of the occupying regime, the first war that this regime launched against Palestine and the Arab countries of the region is known as the 1948 war. During this war, the Zionists occupied 78% of Palestine and the first phase of the great displacement of Palestinians took place. In 1949, Israel became a member of the United Nations. In 1964, the Palestine Liberation Organization announced its existence and the Palestinian struggle took a new form.
The 1967 war was started by the Zionist regime while the Arab countries had already prepared themselves for it. The military forces of the Arab countries were moving towards the borders of Israel and thought victory was imminent, when they were faced with a surprise attack by the tanks of the Zionist regime. This war, which started from the ground and the air, lasted for six days and became known as the Arab-Israeli six-day war. During this war, in addition to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of the Jordan River, Israel occupied the Golan Heights in Syria and the Sinai Desert in Egypt and annexed Jerusalem to its territory. In a resolution, the United Nations called Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories, but Israel declared the condition of its withdrawal from the occupied territories to be the recognition of this regime by the Arabs.
In October 1973, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel with the slogan "Allah Akbar" and achieved success at the beginning, but the support of America and the West made the outcome of the war change in favor of Israel, and it was able to occupy a limited area, and finally, this war concluded The peace treaty ended. In 1974, the United Nations recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization. The result of this war was to bring the leaders of the Arab countries to the process of peace and reconciliation. As in 1978 at Camp David, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister signed a peace treaty and Egypt recognized the existence of Israel in exchange for taking back the Sinai desert. This incident happened on the eve of the victory of the Iranian Islamic Revolution. Israel has been occupying Palestinian lands for years so far.
October 2023 conflict between Gaza and Israel
It began on October 7, 2023 following the rocket barrage and large-scale ground attack by Hamas on Israeli settlements around the Gaza Strip during an operation that Hamas calls Al-Aqsa Storm. In these attacks, hundreds of Israelis were killed and more than a thousand were injured, and a significant number were captured by Hamas. This prompted the Israeli government to declare a state of emergency. Palestinians were able to avenge the blood of innocent Palestinian martyrs after many years. Israel did not think that Palestine could attack Israel, but this shield was finally broken.